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|Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Prognosis & Treatment of Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor|
|Written by Bhuvan Chand|
|Saturday, 26 September 2009 11:39|
Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor
Definition of Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor
Desmoplastic small round cell tumor, also called DSRCT, is a aggressive type of tumor that can be life threatening. This type of tumor is usually present in the lining of the abdomen, but is sometimes present in other parts of the body. It is known to spread to the lungs, lymph nodes, liver, spleen, chest wall, cranium, spinal cord, small intestine, bladder, brain,diaphragm, ovaries, testicles, pelvis & bones.
DSRCT is found mostly in males who are adolescents or young adults. A method called translocation occurs with this type of tumor; this is when a portion of chromosome 11 is translocated with a number of chromosome 22. Doctors use this occurence to diagnose DSRCT. The disease is classified as a soft tissue sarcoma.
Symptoms of Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor
Since this is a rare tumor, it is oftentimes misdiagnosed. Often, the tumor grows large before the patient begins to recognize signs. The tumors feel like hard round masses; this can be felt by palpitating the abdomen.
There are some early signs you can watch out for to warn you of DSRCT. Lots of of the patients that create the disease are young and healthy when the tumors start to grow.
Loss of Appetite
Other signs and signs may include:
Masses in the Testes, Breast, Vagina, Ovaries and Uterus
Causes of Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor
There aren't any known risk factors associated with desmoplastic little round cell tumors. The disease is known to pop up from primitive cells in the coursework of childhood. Chromosomal translocations chromosome 11 and chromosome 22 causes this disease. When this happens, the body is no longer able to suppress tumor growth.
Diagnosis of Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor
In addition, specialists may use a number of the following tests & imaging. In tests that involve radiation, specialists carefully monitor doses to keep away from the risk of radiation overexposure.
Treatment of Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor
There is no standard protocol for the disease however, recent journals and studies have reported that some patients reply to high dose (P6 Protocol) chemotherapy, maintenance chemotherapy, debulking operation, cytoreductive surgical procedure, and radiation therapy. Other treatment options include: hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, intensity-modulated radiation Therapy, radiofrequency ablation, stereotactic body radiation therapy, intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemoperfusion, and clinical trials.
DSRCT is often misdiagnosed. Adult patients ought to always be referred to a sarcoma specialist. This is an aggressive, rare, fast spreading tumor and both pediatric and adult patients ought to be treated at a sarcoma middle.
Prognosis of Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor
The prognosis for DSRCT remains poor. The 5-year survival rate of DRSCT is only about 15%. Prognosis depends on the stage of the cancer. Because the disease can be misdiagnosed or stay undetected, tumors often grow huge within the abdomen and metastasize or seed to other parts of the body.
There is no known organ or area of origin. DSRCT can metastasize through lymph nodes or the blood stream. Sites of metastatis include the spleen, diaphragm, liver, huge and little intestine, lungs, central nervous process, bones, uterus, bladder, genitals, abdominal cavity, and the brain.
Prevention of Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor
Consult with your doctor.
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|Last Updated on Thursday, 27 December 2012 17:26|